art.jpg (9033 bytes)

aniStar3.gif (1333 bytes)          Hydrothermal Vent Community     aniStar3.gif (1333 bytes)

aniBlackSmoker.gif (690618 bytes)

Animation created by,
University of Delaware Graduate College of Marine Studies.

Click on any image to enlarge, and the blue links for comparisons.

LLSmoker1.jpg (36297 bytes)     LLSmoker2.jpg (39509 bytes)     Chimney Vents      LLSmoker4.jpg (49619 bytes)     LLSmoker5.jpg (33639 bytes)     LLSmoker6.jpg (44333 bytes)
Manganese          Bacterial Mat              Heads                     Tubes                 First Image                 Front    

LLSmoker9+8w-.jpg (33429 bytes)     LLSmoker9.jpg (35784 bytes)     LLSmoker12.jpg (94837 bytes)      LLSmoker9+9.jpg (42720 bytes)     LLSmoker9+4-.jpg (31911 bytes)     LLSmoker9+5-.jpg (40810 bytes)
   White Vent               A Match                                          Calcium Deposits    Cut Away 1 & 2            Back         

LLWhiteFossil.jpg (90327 bytes)      LLMeteor2.jpg (75262 bytes)      BigBlackSmoker2.jpg (28621 bytes)     PompeiiWorm2.jpg (41299 bytes)     LLalvinellaPompeii.jpg (15819 bytes)     PompeiiScetch.jpg (36925 bytes)
      All three have a Teardrop Shape        This vent held this Pompeii Worm       Live Pompeii        Pompeii Sketch  

LLRiftiaTube.jpg (54976 bytes)      Faces.jpg (44945 bytes)     LLRhyolite.jpg (34963 bytes)     LLPumice.jpg (42309 bytes)     LLMussel-.jpg (35389 bytes)     LLSmoker16.jpg (62579 bytes)
  Tube Worms*                                            Rhyolite           Pumice w/Shell        Mussel Shell            Vent Top     

Fossilized Vent     LLTevniaJerichonia.jpg (35130 bytes)      ABat1.jpg (57434 bytes)     LLTubeWorms.jpg (15195 bytes)     LLTevniaFossils.jpg (106682 bytes)     LLTevniaFossils2.jpg (90067 bytes)
  Fossil Vents                                                                         Tiny Worms                                          Fossil Worms

LLWhiteFaceFossil02.jpg (96527 bytes)      LLWhiteFaceFossil03.jpg (75844 bytes)     LLSmoker10.jpg (42677 bytes)     LLSmoker17.jpg (73464 bytes)     LLObsidianBalls_small.jpg (2499 bytes)      LLPompeiiFossil2.jpg (82097 bytes)
                                                                                                    Cronus                   Obsidian            Trilobite Fossil

LLFishTail2.jpg (28388 bytes)      LLPompeiiFossil3.jpg (556980 bytes)     BigSmokerBack2.jpg (90298 bytes)      BigSmokerClose2.jpg (93122 bytes)      BigSmokerClose3.jpg (94873 bytes)       LLTevniaJerichonia2e.jpg (81814 bytes)
    Fish Bone                                           24" x 16" x 8"                                                                    Fossil Worm 

LLInTheMind.jpg (55885 bytes)      BlackSmokerVent1.jpg (65667 bytes)     LLBacteria.jpg (62501 bytes)     LLMicro.jpg (92411 bytes)     CarbonChondrite.jpg (75105 bytes)     LLBacteria2.jpg (70802 bytes)

LLFauna+.jpg (29095 bytes)     LLSmoker11.jpg (66970 bytes)     Bee Hive Vents     LLSmoker9+6-.jpg (28990 bytes)     LLSmoker9+3.jpg (36911 bytes)     LLRoomFull.jpg (113217 bytes)
                                                               Bee Hive Vent                                                                       Room Full    

I discovered this Hydrothermal Vent Community, here in Florida. I initially thought, they were meteors, or perhaps some shrapnel created by the impacting, of a meteor. Just such a meteor, struck the north coast of the Yucatan, 60 million years ago.
It has been calculated, that the blast from that impact would have thrown the debris, over 600 miles away. The atmosphere is approximately 60 miles up, beyond that, you're in outer space. So for these vents, to have traveled 600 miles, they would have been in outer space, for part of the trip. So they could have been meteors, as well as vents. To travel 1200 miles, meant a catastrophe of immense proportions, and the vents, and all the water associated with them, would have been thrown into outer space.

But after researching for a while, I discover, an accordion shaped, organic material, on the side of one of the rocks, this find lead me to Craig Cary's Site. When I search the web for "accordion shaped animals", page after page came up about the Pompeii Worm. It's the highest heat tolerant animal on earth, and are also thought to be, one of the first multi-celled animals. When I got to Cary's site, I realized I had discovered Hydrothermal vents, and not meteors. But that didn't explain how the vents got here. Or the reason why, I was finding evidence, pointing to the vents landed here in Florida, landing in a northeast direction. LLOlenoidesTrispinus.jpg (24745 bytes)

Then I found a pair of Trilobites, on the same vent, which houses the Pompeii Worm. It seems that trilobites went extinct 250 million years ago, during the Great Permian Extinction. This find, would indicate, that the Pompeii worm is between 250 to 290 million years old. It's level of preservation is outstanding, it's still flexible, and you can find out why this is still possible, at: London Museum of Natural History

For your knowledge, there are no geological records indicating the existence of any Hydrothermal Vents ever existing in Florida. No Hydrothermal Vent deposits - nothing. I've check the US Geological Survey, and check with geologists at the local colleges, and all confirm there are no records of Hydrothermal Vents ever existing in Florida. The closest known vents are 1200 miles from Florida to the southwest, yet I've got over 200 examples, locally collected.

GulfMapVents.jpg (102912 bytes)

The closest Hydrothermal Vents to Florida are, 1200 miles southwest, as the vents fly, some 200 miles west of Mexico, and approximately 2 miles deep in the ocean.

Research Sources and Reference Links

Hydrothermal Circulation
Click on image to view a Flash Presentation.

Exploring Geysers on the Seafloor

Smoker2.gif (237185 bytes)
The Physics of Hydrothermal Dynamics
As Applied To A Black Smoker Vent.

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*Worms placed in rock as an example.